Itching – called pruritus in the medical vocabulary – is a sensation on the skin, scalp or semi-mucous membranes that triggers an uncontrollable urge to scratch. Itching can have many causes: skin conditions (atopic dermatitis, for example), general diseases, psychological origin or even agents that are outside of the body (exogenous agents) such as chemical products, medicinal products or even stings or damage caused by parasites (insects, dust mites, etc.).
Though scientific knowledge is progressing quickly when it comes to understanding the various mechanisms involved in the origin of itching, the skin is still a complex and mysterious sensory organ. To date, we still do not know how exactly to explain how the skin reacts in a circumstantial way to different stimuli, or how to effectively treat itching of any origin.
BESIDES THE NEED TO CONSULT A DERMATOLOGIST IN CASE OF PERSISTANT ITCHING, WHAT CAN BE DONE?
– Get a hygrometer, which is not very expensive, in order to check the humidity level of your home, particularly the bedrooms. The recommended humidity level is between 40% and 60% (ideally around 50%). It is important to maintain good humidity in the air, as dry skin is a factor that promotes itching.
– Of the cosmetic adjuvant skincare products, emollients show true efficacy, as they fight against dry skin, protect the hydrolipidic film of the skin and help reconstitute the superficial corneal layer of the epidermis.
– Suitable dermo-cosmetic skincare products soothe itching and make it possible to substitute the reflex scratching action with that of applying a soothing skincare product. Scratching causes irritation and causes the itching to continue.
– Do not use hygiene or skincare products that are too aggressive, particularly products that contain fragrance or that are too detergent, and instead use products that are formulated with a small number of ingredients and if possible with superfatted agents.
– Avoid water that is too hot. Cold water on its own has anti-itching properties.
– Avoid wearing wool clothing directly against your skin or clothes that are too tight.
– Cut the nails short (especially in children) in order to reduce skin irritation caused by scratching.
RELIEVE ITCHING: AN IMPORTANT DEVELOPMENT AREA FOR CODEXIAL
Codexial has developed a complete range of hygiene and skincare products to fight against severe dry skin: the Haute Tolérance range. Formulated with very few ingredients, as per the principle as the one applied for Codexial excipients intended for magistral preparations, this Haute Tolérance range is suitable for the skin care of infants, children and adults. It makes it possible to soothe very dry skin and to reduce itching.
More specifically, in itching caused by parasites, Codexial offers the Calmiscab and Calmiscab Intense products, the latter being designed to rapidly sooth itching after insect bites or hive-inducing plants.